Cancer that starts in glandular tissue i.e., breast, lung, thyroid, colon, cervix and pancreas.
One or more drugs used in cancer treatment after surgery or radiation to help prevent recurrence or metastasis.
Medicine for curbing nausea and vomiting.
A swelling or growth that is not cancerous and does not spread and usually is not life-threatening.
A procedure in which tissue or fluid is taken and examined with a microscope.
An agent that initiates or promotes cancer.
Cancer that originates in the epithelial tissue, 80% to 90% of cancers.
Treatment of cancer with drugs. Certain types of cancers, such as Hodgkin's disease, and some non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and leukemias respond well to chemotherapy. Side effects are described in patients' informed consent forms.
Treatment for cancer with new experimental drugs or procedures. You must give an informed consent. Clinical trials provide opportunity for treatment that may be more effective or not yet widely available. The National Cancer Institute provides information at 800-4-CANCER.
Estrogen receptor test
Test on breast tissue to determine if a tumor is sensitive to the hormone estrogen.
A way of describing the aggressiveness of cancer cells.
Care offering comfort, pain control and emotional support for those with terminal illnesses. It is usually provided in the home or in a special hospital or unit of a hospital.
Use of highly purified proteins to activate the immune system.
Early stage cancer confined to the place it started.
Bean-shaped organs in the lymphatic system, the system that fights infections. Cancer cells can travel through the lymphatic system. Removing and examining lymph nodes near the tumor can help find the extent of disease and help classify tumors by stage.
Swelling of a limb as a result of damage to lymphatic vessels or removal of lymph nodes.
Tumor starting in lymphatic tissue (neck, groin or armpit).
Surgical removal of the breast.
Highly aggressive form of skin cancer.
Spread of cancer from a primary tumor to other parts of the body.
Cancer of plasma cells in bone marrow.
Doctor specializing in cancer.
Therapy for relieving symptoms and providing comfort, rather than prolonging life.
Site where tumor first appeared.
Prediction of what might happen in a specific case.
Unit of measurement that describes a dose or radiation absorbed by a body. The average American receives .36 rads a year, half of which comes from natural sources.
Return of cancer cells after remission.
Growing smaller or disappearing.
Disappearance of cancer symptoms.
Malignant tumor arising in the bone, cartilage, fibrous tissue or muscle.
All blood cells arising in the bone marrow.
Anyone who has received a cancer diagnosis, whether treatment is being received or has been completed.
Cancer drug from the Pacific Yew tree used to treat ovarian cancer.